Another response to People’s Light’s ‘Aladdin: A Musical Panto’

When did it cross your line?

I am many things. But the predominant identity threads that brought me to write this piece are that I am the resident dramaturg at People’s Light & Theatre Company, and I was the dramaturg for Aladdin: A Musical Panto. That show recently met with accusations of yellowface and cultural appropriation by Melody Wong, among others. But more significantly, I am Asian American.

The "McGlinchey twins" as young children. (Photo courtesy of Gina Pisasale.)

I am also writing with the full support of People’s Light’s artistic leadership and Aladdin’s writing and directing team. All have engaged in deep conversations about artistic choices and critical responses to the show in terms of race and representation.

Specifically, I am Korean American and was born in Pusan, South Korea. Even more specifically, I was adopted with my twin sister when we were three months old by a couple from South Philly. We were baptized with an Irish last name in a neighborhood where European ancestral pride ran deep.

Heightened awareness and blind spots

As Asians who eventually became Asian Americans in a white neighborhood, we were oddities (and, yes, taunted as such). But as Asian twins, we were more often met with curiosity and interest. My name was often replaced with “one of the McGlinchey twins,” which occasionally frustrated me. But most of the time, my twinness was central to my identity.

Of course, my Asianness continued to loom large, especially when I entered the theater, a field of hypervisibility. The lack of people who looked like me on and surrounding the U.S. stage triggered my search for them, and led me to graduate work in Asian-American theater history, critical race studies, and artistic negotiations of race in performance.

I go into all this personal history to provide context for my heightened awareness and critical lens. I also offer context for my own blind spots, because when it comes to talking about the multivalent tangle that is race in the United States, we all have them.

The cast and crew of 'Aladdin' include many different perspectives on the piece. (Photo by Mark Garvin.)
The cast and crew of 'Aladdin' include many different perspectives on the piece. (Photo by Mark Garvin.)

Within this conversation context matters, particularly when images, events, and encounters cross our lines. For example, part of my Asian-American experience includes being “ching-chonged” by packs of teenage boys and asked by one of my graduate professors if English was my first language. As a result, I’m hyperaware of how language is prejudged by Asianness and the othering that comes with it.

But I did not grow up with or around any Asian names, so the names of Aladdin’s characters Mai Tai and Fu did not elicit the visceral response from me that they did for Wong.

What's in a name?

While I was spared the ridicule that can come with an Asian name, I certainly felt its absence, and subsequently chose a Korean phrase for my sixth-grade confirmation name. Decades later, I gave my daughter a Korean name. Because my search for Asian-ness began from absence, my activism is articulated by and driven toward notions of presence and visibility.

Princess Mai Tai, performed and powerfully sung by Samantha Funk — who reads as Asian onstage — offers an amazing moment of multidimensional visibility to me as an Asian theater practitioner and audience member. Despite the character’s arguably problematic name, my daughter, now four years old, has donned a tiara for weeks and has not stopped singing Mai Tai’s songs.

Other audience members may not feel this sense of elation, which is entirely appropriate.  After all, there is never only one way any one theatrical moment can be received. This is especially true of the panto.

Camilo Estrada as Aladdin, flanked by Susan McKey and Tom Teti. (Photo by Mark Garvin.)
Camilo Estrada as Aladdin, flanked by Susan McKey and Tom Teti. (Photo by Mark Garvin.)

Dramaturgically, People’s Light’s panto holds multiple simultaneous elements and modes of performance. For example, in one scene, Aladdin (played by Camilo Estrada) asks an audience member to don a cape, wide-brimmed cavalier hat, and Cyrano nose and to repeat lines in efforts to woo the Princess. The audience member is also asked to sing an impassioned version of “Despacito.”

At that moment, multiple narrative threads intersect: a Latino body in performance as an enamored video-game designer; an iconic wooing scene from the 19th-century French epic Cyrano de Bergerac; a pop song that topped the 2017 charts in 47 countries; the Spanish language; an unsuspecting audience member on stage; and the backdrop of a text first introduced in France at the beginning of European Chinoiserie. All of it is set within the story of 1,001 Nights.

Nothing exists in isolation

In these constantly intersecting narratives, nothing, including representations of race and other identity categories, exists in isolation. After 14 years, People’s Light’s panto artists and audiences have come to revel in this dynamic intersectionality.

Taken out of this context, I agree: racialized character names and images can be a real problem. Even within this intersectional worldview of the People’s Light panto, where multiple truths are simultaneously possible, representations of race, gender, class, or age can still hit a nerve and cross your line.

So, here I offer my own truths and foibles that can be set alongside the truths from Wong and others offering critiques. I did not write this to be “right” or to prove anyone “wrong.” Any emotional response to theater is legitimate.

I will to continue to ask, “When did it cross your line?” Like the panto, people’s identities hold many simultaneous elements, including complicated global and personal histories; we are in constant formation. Let’s keep having meaningful conversations about the multitudes that make us and how we can move us all forward. 

To read Melody Wong's response to People's Light's Aladdin, click here.

To read Mark Cofta's review, click here.

Our readers respond

Quynh Mai Nguyen

of Philadelphia, PA on December 26, 2017

"Any emotional response to theater is legitimate." I have to admit, Gina Pisasale's statement struck a negative chord with me and seemed to miss the mark regarding Wong’s position. Pisasale overlooks the issue of how stereotypes misrepresent Asian-American culture and how that misrepresentation affects very real people. The concern being addressed with respect to this production of Aladdin is not simply "an emotional one."

Wong addresses a very real and serious systematic erasure of Asian-American voices. She points to stock characters like Fu — characters that paint Asians as villains and have, unfortunately, led to real life consequences.

Put plainly, racial caricatures are not all fun and games. Fu’s character — the slanty eyes, the mustache, the funny sounding name — embodies a collection of negative stereotypes that have become shorthand for "Asian." People use these stereotypes to navigate life, manage social situations, and determine how to behave towards others, however distorted these stereotypes might be. When stereotypes are encouraged, a community loses its truth. Its voices begin to fade, and they are denied their ability to tell their own stories.  “Asian American” is a vast umbrella, and we all have different perspectives.

Pisasale's experience (which I respect) is that of a Korean-American adoptee who has been looking for Asianness where it’s been lacking. Her experience, however, is very different from those Asian-American immigrants or second-generation children who need to decide what aspects of their culture they must sacrifice in order to gain acceptance. Wong’s article is more than an emotional response. It is about speaking up and fighting for visibility. It is about reclaiming a voice and sharing real stories.

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